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Kidney Transplant Surgery in Delhi, India

Kidney transplant surgery is the only “cure” for end stage renal disease. The need for dialysis is removed by a functional kidney transplant. Inspite of the challenges of transplant it provides a great improvement in overall health in cases successful surgery. In Kidney transplantation procedure a healthy kidney from another person is placed in the body and the work of two failed kidneys is taken over ...

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Kidney Transplant Surgery in Delhi, India

Kidney transplant surgery is the only “cure” for end stage renal disease. The need for dialysis is removed by a functional kidney transplant. Inspite of the challenges of transplant it provides a great improvement in overall health in cases successful surgery. In Kidney transplantation procedure a healthy kidney from another person is placed in the body and the work of two failed kidneys is taken over by the one new kidney

How is normal kidney transplant performed? 

Source of kidney can be from a living donor or a deceased donor. Deceased Donor may be brain dead donors or Cardiac death donors (CDC). CDCs are those who have elected organ donation while in brain dead donors organ removal is done while the heart is still pumping blood.  Living Donor is carefully assessed for compatibility and fitness of the donor. Organ removal is done either by single incision of 4–7 inches (10–18 cm) or laparoscopic ally as this procedure ensures less pain and speedy recovery. To minimize rejection risk, compatibility is tested with blood group match.  The patient is given a general anesthetic for the surgery, which usually takes 3 or 4 hours. The new kidney is placed inside the lower abdomen. The recipients’ artery and vein is sutured to the artery and vein of the new kidney from the donor. The blood flows through the new kidney, functionally making urine, similar to the old kidneys as they did when they were healthy. Finally the ureter is connected from the donor kidney to the bladder. Kidney is placed in the contra-lateral side the of recipients body.

What is the duration of the hospital stay for the procedure/surgery?

4–7 days

What are the post procedure/surgery discharge and/or recovery precautions and risks?

Recovery in a living donor kidney is within 3–5 days while in a cadaver kidney would take up to 7–15 days.  Prescription is given to the patient to help the kidney produce urine, immunosuppressant drugs to prevent rejecting the donor kidney, close renal function monitoring of blood levels, biopsy to rule out rejection or cyclosporine intoxication and dietary. The major complication is of Transplant rejection. Also due to the immunosuppressant drugs the patient is put on the risks of infections, sepsis , a form of lymphoma.