3T- MRI- This is a procedure in which radio waves and a powerful magnetic with the help of magnet linked with the computer are used to make detailed pictures of areas inside the body. These pictures can detect the difference between normal and abnormal tissue. This procedure is also calledas 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging. Tesla (T) stands for the unit of measurement quantifying the strength of a magnetic field.
1.5T MRI- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) utilizes a magnetic field, gradient magnetic fields and pulsed radiofrequency (RF) field. Tesla refers to the strength of the magnetic field. 1.5T MRI is completely adequate for most MRI scans. Increase patient comfort & diagnostic value.
OPEN / STANDING MRI
OPEN / STANDING MRI: Open MRI allows for imaging without the patient being placed within an enclosed space. Open MRI has become the standard of care when conventional design is contraindicated. Specifically, this includes patients who would require sedation for a conventional MRI such as severely claustrophobic or paediatric patients. Supine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is routinely used in the assessment of low back pain and radiculopathy. 8 Axially loaded supine MRI has been performed to simulate the upright position, but may not truly reflect postural spinal changes related to muscle tone, loads on the lumbar spine that increase in a caudal ...
WHOLE BODY MRI
Whole body Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): It is a legitimate staging technique and realistic alternative to multimodality conventional staging methods (e.g. Computed Tomography (CT), bone scan) for patients which examine the whole body or a large portion of it may also be useful in evaluating non-neoplastic conditions.
CT SCAN: It is an advanced (sophisticated) X-ray device which provides the anatomic detailed image of internal organs. CT stands for computed tomography. The CT scan is also known as the CAT (computerized axial tomography) scan.
CT CORONARY ANGIOGRAPHY
CT CORONARY ANGIOGRAPHY: Coronary angiography is a heart imaging test which is used to determine the presence of plaque (fat) thatinitiates the blockage/narrowing the coronary arteries (blood vessels that supply the heart).
Ultrasound: An ultrasound scan is a painless test in which sound waves are used to create images of organs and structures inside the body. As the body scan has done under sound waves without radiation, it is thought to be very safe. Doppler and duplex scans are used to visualize blood or fluids flowing through the body.
Digital radiography is a form of X-ray imaging, where digital X-ray sensors are used instead of traditional photographic film. Advantages of this technique include time efficiency through bypassing chemical processing and the ability to digitally transfer and enhance images.
BONE MINERAL DENSITOMETRY
A scanner used to measure bone density with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Bone density or bone mineral density(BMD) is the amount of bone mineral in bone tissue. Bone density measurement is used in clinical medicine as an indirect indicator of osteoporosis and fracture risk. Measuring bone mass and bone density is a common part of managing measuring and understanding bone mineral density (BMD).
BREAST IMAGING is also known as mammography is a specific type of breast imaging that uses low-dose x-rays to detect the cancer at early.
An OPG is a panoramic or wide view x-ray of the lower face, which displays all the teeth of the upper and lower jaw on a single film. It explain the number, position and growth of all the teeth including those that have not yet surfaced or erupted.
3D-4D ultrasound is a scanning technique which is used to detect the3D scans show still pictures of thebaby in three dimensions. 4D scans show moving 3D images of the baby, with time being the fourth dimension. 3D scanning can also be useful to look at the heart and other internal organs of the baby .
Non-Invasive Cardiac Lab
Non-Invasive Cardiac Labis committed to perform the high quality, cost effective diagnostic evaluations for inpatients and outpatients. Non-invasive cardiology techniques are typically safe and painless. This lab is used to evaluate and diagnose a wide variety of heart conditions or in planning the appropriate courses of treatments for those conditions.
Non-invasive cardiology studies include- Stress test, Exercise stress testing, Transthoracic Echocardiogram etc
This technique estimates the average velocity of blood flow within a vessel by color coding the information. The direction of blood flow is assigned the color red or blue, indicating flow toward or away from the ultrasound transducer. The mean velocity is then converted into a specific color. Flow towards the transducer is depicted in red while flow away from the transducer is shown in blue. Different shades of red and blue are used to display velocity. Lighter shades of color are assigned to higher velocities. The most common use of the technique is to image the movement of blood ...
Fibrosis Scan is a non-invasive test which is used to quantify the liver fibrosis (liver stiffness). It is also known as transient elastography.
This is a treatment which is used for the measurement of the range and sensitivity of a person's sense of hearing .
Somatosensory Evoked Potential (SSEP)
Somatosensory Evoked Potential is a test which is used to detect the electrical signals of sensation going from the body to the brain and spinal cord. The signals specify whether the nerves that connect to the spinal cord are able to send and receive sensory information like happiness, pain, temperature and touch.
A test that is designed to measure how well the lungs are working, expanding and contracting (when a person inhales and exhales) and measure the efficiency of the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood and the air within the lungs.
Uroflowmetry is a test which is used to measures the volume and speed of urine released from the body and how long the release takes .
Ultrasound Middle Cerebral Doppler
Transcranial Doppler insonation of the cerebral circulation
Transcranial doppler ultrasound analyzer of blood velocity
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) and transcranial color Doppler (TCCD) are types of Doppler ultrasonography that measure the velocity of blood flow through the brain's blood vessels by measuring the echoes of ultrasound waves moving transcranially (through the cranium). These modes of medical imaging conduct a spectral analysis of the acoustic signals they receive and can therefore be classified as methods of active acoustocerebrography. They are used as tests to help diagnose emboli, stenosis, vasospasm from a subarachnoid hemorrhage (bleeding from a ruptured aneurysm), and other problems. These ...
Ultrasound Neck (Thyroid)
Ultrasound Breast Lesion Localization
Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound. It is used to see internal body structures such as tendons, muscles, joints, blood vessels, and internal organs. Its aim is often to find a source of a disease or to exclude any pathology. The practice of examining pregnant women using ultrasound is called obstetric ultrasound, and is widely used.
Ultrasound - Breast
Ultrasound imaging of the breast uses sound waves to produce pictures of the internal structures of the breast. It’s primarily used to help diagnose breast lumps or other abnormalities your doctor may have found during a physical exam, mammogram or breast MRI. Ultrasound is safe, noninvasive and does not use ionizing radiation.
Ultrasound Breast & Axilla
The best mammographic images are produced when the breast is compressed.
Mammography is the process of using low-energy X-rays (usually around 30 kVp) to examine the human breast, which is used as a diagnostic and screening tool. The goal of mammography is the early detection of breast cancer, typically through detection of characteristic masses and/or microcalcifications. For the average woman, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended (2009) mammography every two years in women between the ages of 50 and 74. The American College of Radiology and American Cancer Society recommend yearly screening mammography starting at age 40. The Canadian Task Force on ...
Ultrasound Breast Core Biopsy
Ultrasound-Guided Breast Biopsy
An ultrasound-guided breast biopsy uses sound waves to help locate a lump or abnormality and remove a tissue sample for examination under a microscope. It is less invasive than surgical biopsy, leaves little to no scarring and does not involve exposure to ionizing radiation.
Ultrasound FNA Breast
some fluid or cells from a breast lesion or cyst (a lump, sore or swelling) with a fine needle similar to a blood sample needle. The sample of fluid or cells is smeared on a glass slide and sent to a pathology laboratory to be examined by a specialist doctor (a cytologist) under a microscope. An FNA is performed to help determine the nature or diagnosis of the lesion and to plan treatment if necessary.
Ultrasound All Abdomen
An abdominal ultrasound is a safe and painless test that uses sound waves to make images of the abdomen (belly).
During the examination, an ultrasound machine sends sound waves into the abdominal area and images are recorded on a computer. The black-and-white images show the internal structures of the abdomen, such as the appendix, intestines, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, and urinary bladder.
Ultrasound Upper Abdomen
Ultrasound - Abdomen. Ultrasound imaging of the abdomen uses sound waves to produce pictures of the structures within the upper abdomen. It is used to help diagnose pain or distention (enlargement) and evaluate the kidneys, liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, pancreas, spleen and abdominal aorta.
Ultrasound Umbilical Artery Doppler
The umbilical artery (UA) impedance indices increase when there is decreased end-diastolic flow due to reduced placental perfusion and "utero-placental insufficiency" as is seen in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Absent or reversed UA end-diastolic flow are particularly ominous findings.
A renal ultrasound is a safe and painless test that uses sound waves to make images of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder.
The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located toward the back of the abdominal cavity, just above the waist. They remove waste products from the blood and produce urine. The ureters are thin tubes that carry the urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Ultrasound Renal Doppler
Renal Artery Doppler Ultrasound -- this exam evaluates blood flow to the kidneys to determine if there is a narrowing or blockage of the renal arteries (also called stenosis or renovascular disease). The abdominal aorta is also evaluated. You will hear pulse-like sounds during this test and this is normal.
Ultrasound Hepatic Portal Vein Doppler
Ultrasound Hepatic Portal Vein Doppler
The interpretation of liver Doppler ultrasonographic (US) examinations can be a source of anxiety to those unfamiliar with the basic concepts and terminology, and to those with limited experience in reading these studies. Normal and abnormal waveforms for each of the major hepatic vessels (hepatic artery, ...
Ultrasound Ascetic Drain Placement
An ascitic tap is a medical procedure where a needle is used to drain ... and placing the tube into position, can take between 15 to 30 minutes.
Ultrasound imaging of the pelvis uses sound waves to produce pictures of the structures and organs in the lower abdomen and pelvis
Ultrasound Hip Joint
Hip ultrasound uses sound waves to produce pictures of muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, bone and soft tissues of the hip. It is used to help diagnose abnormalities and may be used in infants to check for developmental dysplasia of the hip. Ultrasound is safe, noninvasive, and does not use ionizing radiation.
Ultrasound Trans Rectal
Transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) is a way of creating an image of the prostate gland using sound waves. In conventional ultrasound procedures,
Ultrasound Testis Doppler
A testicular ultrasound is a test that obtains images of the testicles and the surrounding area in the scrotum. It is a safe and painless procedure.
Ultrasound Trans Vaginal
Transvaginal ultrasounds use a special transducer that's shaped sort of like a wand. The transducer is lubricated and then gently inserted into the vagina. Like the traditional transducer that's passed over the skin, the transducer used in a transvaginal ultrasounds painlessly emits sound waves to obtain images. Because it's inserted into the vagina, the wand is able to obtain images of structures and processes that simply cannot be adequately "imaged" through the skin.
What is a fetal ultrasound?
Fetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy that creates an image of the fetus in the mother's uterus, or womb. During a fetal ultrasound, various parts of the baby, such as the heart, head, and spine, are identified and measured. The testing may be performed either through the mother's abdomen (transabdominal) or vaginal canal (transvaginal). Fetal ultrasound provides a safe way to evaluate the health of an unborn baby.
Ultrasound Uterine Artery Doppler
The presence of a notching in late in pregnancy is an indicator of increased uterine vascular resistance and impaired uterine circulation 2. Bilateral notching is more concerning. Unilateral notching of the uterine artery on the ipsilateral side of the placenta, if the placenta is along one lateral wall (right or left) carries the same significance as bilateral notching. The presence of an early diastolic notch can however be a normal finding in a non-pregnant uterus and even in a pregnant gravid uterus at least up to 16 weeks.
Ultrasound Upper Limb Doppler
Ultrasound Upper Limb Arteries & Veins Doppler
A Doppler ultrasound exam measures blood flow through your arteries and veins. Find information on what to expect during the test and what the results mean.
Ultrasound Lower Limb Doppler
A Doppler ultrasound uses a special probe that us applied with mild to moderate pressure against the leg, over the areas where veins are found. A gel is used on the skin to form an acoustic interface with the probe. Pressure may be uncomfortable over tender areas.
Ultrasound Lower Limb Arteries & Veins Doppler
Arterial and Venous Doppler scans of the upper and lower extremities are done using a handheld device (transducer) applied to areas of the arms or legs where the arteries and veins are located. Sound waves are used to produce a visual image of the actual artery or vein, and to measure the blood flow in them. The scans can detect blood clots and problems with valves in the veins. The scan can also detect the severity and location of any blockages in the arteries that supply your legs or arms with blood flow. Your provider uses this
Ultrasound FNA Thyroid
Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid
An ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy uses sound waves to help locate a nodule or abnormality within the thyroid and remove a tissue sample for examination under a microscope. The procedure is less invasive than surgical biopsy, leaves little to no scarring and does not involve exposure to ionizing radiation.
Ultrasound Guided Aspiration
An ultrasound exam uses sound waves to take pictures of your body's organs and tissues. An aspiration is a procedure to remove extra fluid from a part of your body.If the fluid is: In your belly, the procedure is called paracentesis. In your chest cavity, it is called thoracentesis.
The most common type of heart ultrasound is non-invasive and very easy on the patient. A specially trained technician, called a cardiac sonographer, uses a gel to slide a microphone-like device called a transducer over the chest area. This allows reflected sound waves to provide a live picture of your heart and valves.
Ultrasound Skin Marking
Once a suitable image is identified, the chosen space is aligned to the middle of the ultrasound screen. The probe is then kept stable, and the midpoint of the long and short sides of its footprint is marked on the skin with a skin-marking pen.
Abdominal ultrasonography is a form of medical ultrasonography to visualise abdominal anatomical structures. It uses transmission and reflection of ultrasound waves to visualise internal organs through the abdominal wall ...
Ultrasound New Marriage
Is ultrasound safe?
What is an ultrasound scan used for?
Who will do the scan?
How is an ultrasound scan carried out?
When are scans usually carried out?
Does an ultrasound hurt?
Do I have to have an ultrasound?
What if the scan shows a problem?
What is an ultrasound scan?
An ultrasound scan sends sound waves through your womb (uterus). These waves bounce off your baby as echoes. The echoes are then turned into an image on a screen that shows your baby’s position and movements.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the nervous system uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce high quality two- or three-dimensional images of nervous system structures without use of ionizing radiation or radioactive tracers.
MRI Angiography (MRA) Head
Magnetic resonance angiography is a group of techniques based on magnetic resonance imaging to image blood vessels.
MRI Venography (MRV) Brain
A diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of a large magnet, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body. An MRV uses magnetic resonance technology and intravenous (IV) contrast dye to visualize the veins. Contrast dye causes the blood vessels to appear opaque on the X-ray image, allowing the physician to visualize the blood vessels being evaluated. MRV is useful in some cases because it can help detect causes of leg pain other than vein problems.
MRI Paranasal Sinuses
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the mucosal lining of the paranasal sinuses. ... Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is generally reserved for the ...Paranasal sinuses
MRI Int. Auditory Meatus (IAM)
MRI Int. Auditory Meatus (IAM)
The internal auditory meatus (also meatus acusticus internus, internal acoustic meatus, internal auditory canal, or internal acoustic canal) is a canal within the petrous part of the temporal bone of the skull between the posterior cranial fossa and the inner ear.
MRI Pituitary With Contrast
When a pituitary MRI is done, scans are made, then a contrast dye is injected. A second set of scans are then made. The dye (usually gadolinium) makes it easier to tell the difference between normal pituitary gland tissue and tumors, infection or other abnormalities.
agnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is a group of techniques based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to image blood vessels. Magnetic resonance angiography is used to generate images of arteries (and less commonly veins) in order to evaluate them for stenosis (abnormal narrowing), occlusions, aneurysms (vessel wall dilatations, at risk of rupture) or other abnormalities. MRA is often used to evaluate the arteries of the neck and brain, the thoracic and abdominal aorta, the renal arteries, and the legs
Mastoidits. (Mastoid process labeled near center.)
Mastoiditis is the result of an infection that extends to the air cells of the skull behind the ear. Specifically, it is an inflammation of the mucosal lining of the mastoid antrum and mastoid air cell system inside the mastoid process. The mastoid process is the portion of the temporal bone of the skull that is behind the ear which contains open, air-containing spaces. Mastoiditis is usually caused by untreated acute otitis media (middle ear infection) and used to be a leading cause of child mortality. With the development of antibiotics, however, ...
MRI Brachial Plexus
Innervates Sensory and motor innervation to the upper limb
Latin plexus brachialis
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy
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The brachial plexus is a network of nerves formed by the anterior rami of the lower four cervical nerves and first thoracic nerve (C5, C6, C7, C8, and T1). This plexus extends from the spinal cord, through the cervicoaxillary canal in the neck, over the first rib, and into the armpit. It supplies afferent and efferent nerve fibers to the chest, shoulder, arm and hand
MRI Temporomandibular (TM) Joint
The temporalmandibular joint is the joint between the mandible and the temporal bone of the skull.
The joint seen from the inner surface.
Artery Superficial temporal artery
Nerve Auriculotemporal nerve, masseteric nerve
Latin Articulatio temporomandibularis
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Skull of a sheep. Temporal bone (Os temporale) coloured. Line: Tympanicum: articular face for temporomandibular joint; arrow: external acoustic pore.
The temporomandibular joints (TMJ) are the two joints connecting the jawbone to the skull. It is a bilateral synovial articulation between the temporal bone of the ...
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a safe, painless test that uses radio waves and energy from strong magnets to create detailed images of your body. A cervical MRI scans the soft tissues of your neck and cervical spine. The cervical spine is the portion of your spine that runs through your neck.
MRI Angiography (MRA) Neck
MR Angiography (MRA)
MR angiography (MRA) uses a powerful magnetic field, radio waves and a computer to evaluate blood vessels and help identify abnormalities or diagnose atherosclerotic (plaque) disease. This exam does not use ionizing radiation and may require an injection of a contrast material called gadolinium, which is less likely to cause an allergic reaction than iodinated contrast material.
MRI (Spine) Cervical
What It Is
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the cervical spine is a safe and painless test that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed images of the cervical spine (the bones in the back of the neck).
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbar spine is a safe and painless test that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed pictures of the lumbar spine (the bones, disks, and other structures in the lower back).
Fractures of the thoracic spine may be seen in patients of any age, but in elderly patients, the frequency and severity of thoracic spinal fractures is increased. Fractures of the thoracic spine can occur whenever the spinal column is subjected to forces that exceed its strength and stability. Common causes of thoracic spinal fractures include falling from a height, motor vehicle accidents, violent weather, military and civilian blast injury, and penetrating trauma.
MRI Whole Spine
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - Spine
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine uses radio waves, a magnetic field and a computer to produce detailed pictures of the spine and surrounding tissues that are clearer and more detailed than other imaging methods. The exam does not use ionizing radiation and may require an injection of a contrast material called gadolinium, which is less likely to cause an allergic reaction than iodinated contrast material.
CHEST MRI Chest
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - Chest
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest uses a powerful magnetic field, radio waves and a computer to produce detailed pictures of the structures within the chest. It is primarily used to assess abnormal masses such as cancer and determine the size, extent and degree of its spread to adjacent structures. It’s also used to assess the anatomy and function of the heart and its blood flow.
MRI Breast With Contrast
Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses magnetic fields to create an image of the breast. Breast MRI is more invasive than mammography because a contrast agent is given through an IV before the procedure. At this time, breast MRI is mostly used in breast cancer diagnosis and staging.
ABDOMEN MRI Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography or MRCP uses a powerful magnetic field, radio waves and a computer to evaluate the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, pancreas and pancreatic duct for disease. It is noninvasive and does not use ionizing radiation.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses a magnetic field, radio waves and a computer to create detailed images of organs, soft tissues, bone and virtually all other internal body structures, including the liver.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is a test that uses a magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy to make pictures of the organs and structures inside the body. An MRI of the pelvis can give the doctor information about a woman's uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. The scan is sometimes used to check a man's prostate and seminal vesicles. It also can check the rectum and anal area.
MRI Sacroliac Joints(Spine)
Sacroiliac joint of the male pelvis, posterior view
Human female pelvis, anterior view, with sacroiliac joint within red ellipse.
Latin articulatio sacroiliaca
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The sacroiliac joint or SI joint (SIJ) is the joint between the sacrum and the ilium bones of the pelvis, which are connected by strong ligaments. In humans, the sacrum supports the spine and is supported in turn by an ilium on each side. The joint is a strong, weight transferral synovial plane joint with irregular elevations and ...
MRI Hip Joints(Spine)
In vertebrate anatomy, hip (or "coxa" in medical terminology) refers to either an anatomical region or a joint.
The hip region is located lateral and anterior to the gluteal region (i.e., the buttock), inferior to the iliac crest, and overlying the greater trochanter of the femur, or "thigh bone". In adults, three of the bones of the pelvis have fused into the hip bone or acetabulum which forms part of the hip region.
Anal fistula (plural fistulae), or fistula-in-ano, is a chronic abnormal communication between the epithelialised surface of the anal canal and (usually) the perianal skin. An anal fistula can be described as a narrow tunnel with its internal opening in the anal canal and its external opening in the skin near the anus. Anal fistulae commonly occur in people with a history of anal abscesses. They can form when anal abscesses do not heal properly.
Anal fistulae originate from the anal glands, which are located between the internal and external anal sphincter and drain into the anal canal. If the outlet ...
MRI of the shoulder provides detailed images of structures within the shoulder joint, including bones, tendons, muscles and vessels, from any angle. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive medical test that physicians use to diagnose medical conditions. ... MRI does not use ionizing radiation (x-rays).
An arm MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan uses strong magnets to create pictures of the upper and lower arm. This may include the elbow, wrist, hands, fingers, and the surrounding muscles and other tissues.
It does not use radiation (x-rays).
Single MRI images are called slices. The images can be stored on a computer or printed on film. One exam produces many images.
Location of UCL injury
Ligaments of the left elbow. Red arrows mark the location of the UCL.
Anatomy of the ulnar collateral ligament in the pitcher's elbow
Ulnar collateral ligament injuries can occur during certain activities such as overhead baseball pitching. Acute or chronic disruption and/or attenuation of the ulnar collateral ligament often result in medial elbow pain, valgus instability, neurologic deficiency, and impaired throwing performance. There are both non-surgical and surgical treatment options.
Upper limb, forearm semi-pronated. The forearm is the part of the upper limb between the elbow and the wrist. The numerous veins of the forearm are pronounced.
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The forearm is the region of the upper limb between the elbow and the wrist. The term forearm is used in anatomy to distinguish it from the arm, a word which is most often used to describe the entire appendage of the upper limb, but which in anatomy, technically, means only the region of the upper arm, ...
Wrist imaging requires a small dedicated surface coil that allows for evaluation of very small structures such as the triangular fibrocartilage and scapho-lunate interval ligament.
In the palmar aspect of the hand, the flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) tendons of the lesser (second-fifth) digits insert onto the palmar aspects of the bases of the middle phalanges. Prior to their insertion, they briefly split at the level of the proximal phalanges then reunite at the level of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints to create ring apertures for passage of the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendons. After passing through the FDS apertures, the FDP tendons continue more distally to insert on the palmar aspects of the bases of the distal phalanges (Figure 1).2 The flexor tendon sheaths begin at ...
In human anatomy, the thigh is the area between the hip (pelvis) and the knee. Anatomically, it is part of the lower limb.
The single bone in the thigh is called the femur. This bone is very thick and strong (due to the high proportion of bone tissue), and forms a ball and socket joint at the hip, and a modified hinge joint at the knee.
thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the hip joint) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles including lizards, and amphibians such as frogs. In vertebrates with four legs such as dogs and horses, the femur is found only in the hindlimbs. The head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum in the pelvic bone forming the hip joint, while the distal part of the femur articulates with the tibia and kneecap forming the knee joint. By most measures the femur is the strongest bone in ...
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - Knee
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee uses a powerful magnetic field, radio waves and a computer to produce detailed pictures of the structures within the knee joint. It is typically used to help diagnose or evaluate pain, weakness, swelling or bleeding in and around the joint. Knee MRI does not use ionizing radiation, and it can help determine whether you require surgery.
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is a group of techniques based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to image blood vessels. Magnetic resonance angiography is used to generate images of arteries (and less commonly veins) in order to evaluate them for stenosis (abnormal narrowing), occlusions, aneurysms (vessel wall dilatations, at risk of rupture) or other abnormalities. MRA is often used to evaluate the arteries of the neck and brain, the thoracic and abdominal aorta, the renal arteries, and the legs (the latter exam is often referred to as a "run-off").
The ankle, or the talocrural region, is the region where the foot and the leg meet. The ankle includes three joints: the ankle joint proper or talocrural joint, the subtalar joint, and the inferior tibiofibular joint. The movements produced at this joint are dorsiflexion and plantarflexion of the foot. In common usage, the term ankle refers exclusively to the ankle region. In medical terminology, "ankle" (without qualifiers) can refer broadly to the region or specifically to the talocrural joint.
The main bones of the ankle region are the talus (in the foot), and the tibia and fibula (in the leg). ...
Synonyms Plantar fasciosis, plantar fasciopathy, jogger's heel
Most common areas of pain in plantar fasciitis
Specialty Orthopedics, sports medicine, plastic surgery, podiatry
Symptoms Pain in the heel and bottom of the foot
Usual onset Gradual
Risk factors Overuse (long periods of standing), obesity, inward rolling of the foot
Diagnostic method Based on symptoms, ultrasound
Differential diagnosis Osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, heel pad syndrome, reactive arthritis
Treatment Conservative management
Plantar fasciitis is a disorder that results in pain in the heel and bottom of the foot. The pain is usually most severe with the first steps ...
CT +3D Paranasal Sinuses (PNS)(MRI)
CT +3D Temporal Bone(MRI)
CT +3D High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT)
CT +3D Urogram With Contrast
CT +3D Pneumocolon With Contrast
CT +3D Chest & Abdomen Angio
CT +3D Brain & Temporal Bone
CT +3D PNS & Temporal Bone
CT +3D Neck & Chest & Abdomen & Pelvis
X-Ray Submentovertex (S.M.V.)
X-Ray Neck Soft Tissue(Spine)
X-Ray Apical Lordotic View
X-Ray Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint
X-Ray Scaphoid Bone 5-6 Views
OTHERS X-Ray Bone Density (BMD)
Fluoroscopy Myelogram Cervical
Fluoroscopy Myelogram Thoracic
Fluoroscopy Myelogram Thoracic
Fluoroscopy Barium Swallow
Fluoroscopy Barium Swallow (Gastrograph
Fluoroscopy Barium Follow Through
Fluoroscopy Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)
Fluoroscopy Micturating Cystourethrogram (MCUG)
Fluoroscopy Micturating Cystourethrogram (MCUG)
EXTREMITIES VENOGRAM Fluoroscopy Venogram Upper Limbs
Fluoroscopy Venogram Lower Limbs
Fluoroscopy Intravenous Pyelogram - Urogram (IVP - IVU)
Fluoroscopy Fistulogram - Sinogram
Combination Examinations Fluoroscopy Barium Swallow & Meal
Fluoroscopy Barium Meal & Follow Through
Mammography Breast 198 Mammography Localization Mammography